Understanding PCOS: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options
Shivani Pandey
October 19, 2023

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common and complex hormonal disorder that affects individuals with ovaries, primarily during their reproductive years. The manifestations of PCOS can be varied and challenging, which is why understanding this condition and seeking professional guidance is crucial. At NikGynae, we are dedicated to providing information and support to help you navigate PCOS and its associated concerns.

What is PCOS? 

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, commonly referred to as PCOS, is a hormonal disorder that affects approximately 1 in 10 individuals of reproductive age. PCOS is characterized by a combination of symptoms, but it's essential to note that these symptoms can vary from person to person.

Common PCOS Symptoms

  1. Irregular Menstrual Cycles:

    One of the hallmark symptoms of PCOS is irregular menstrual cycles. This may manifest as infrequent periods, prolonged periods, or heavy menstrual flow. These irregularities can make it challenging to predict ovulation and plan for pregnancy.

  2. Ovulatory Dysfunction:

    PCOS can disrupt normal ovulation, potentially leading to infertility or difficulty conceiving. Understanding your ovulatory patterns is crucial if you're trying to get pregnant.

  3. Hormonal Imbalances:

    PCOS often leads to elevated levels of androgens, which are typically considered male hormones. This hormonal imbalance can result in symptoms such as acne, excessive hair growth (hirsutism), and hair loss (alopecia).

  4. Polycystic Ovaries:

    The condition is named after the small cysts that can form on the ovaries of individuals with PCOS. These cysts are usually seen on ultrasound scans.
  5. Metabolic Issues:

    PCOS is associated with insulin resistance, a condition in which your cells don't respond properly to insulin. This can lead to weight gain, high blood sugar levels, and an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.


Consultation for PCOS and Related Concerns

If you're experiencing PCOS symptoms or have concerns about your reproductive health, our gynecologists are here to provide expert guidance and support. We offer teleconsultations that allow you to connect with our healthcare professionals from the comfort of your home. During a consultation, you can discuss a range of topics related to PCOS and its management.


PCOS Diagnosis

One of the critical aspects of managing PCOS is a timely and accurate diagnosis. Our experienced healthcare professionals can guide you through the process of diagnosis, which typically involves:

  1. Medical History:

    A comprehensive review of your medical history, including menstrual patterns, symptoms, and family history.

  2. Physical Examination:

    A physical examination is to check for signs such as excessive hair growth, acne, and abdominal weight gain.

  3. Hormone Tests:

    Blood tests to assess hormone levels, including testosterone and insulin.


How to Manage Your Symptoms? 

Managing PCOS involves addressing specific symptoms and improving overall health. During a consultation, you can learn about various treatment options, including:


  1. Regulating Menstrual Cycles:

    We can discuss treatments to regulate your menstrual cycles, including hormonal contraceptives or other medications.

  2. Managing Excess Hair Growth:

    If hirsutism is a concern, treatments such as laser hair removal or medications can be explored.

  3. Addressing Acne:

    Treatment options for acne related to PCOS can be discussed, ranging from topical medications to oral contraceptives.

  4. Lifestyle Changes:

    Lifestyle modifications, including diet and exercise, can help manage weight and improve insulin sensitivity.


Effects of PCOS on Fertility and Pregnancy

PCOS can present challenges for individuals who wish to conceive. During a consultation, our healthcare professionals can offer guidance on:

  1. Improving Fertility:

    Strategies to enhance fertility and increase the likelihood of successful conception.

  2. Fertility Treatments:

    If needed, we can discuss fertility treatments such as ovulation induction or in vitro fertilization (IVF).

  3. Pregnancy Planning

    If you're planning for pregnancy, we can provide advice on prenatal care and managing PCOS during pregnancy.


Weight Management

Weight management plays a crucial role in managing PCOS, especially if you're insulin-resistant. Our healthcare professionals can provide information on:

  1. Healthy Eating:

    Tips for adopting a balanced and nutritious diet that supports hormone regulation and weight management.

  2. Regular Exercise:

    The benefits of regular physical activity in improving insulin sensitivity and overall health.

  3. Monitoring Progress:

    Strategies for monitoring your progress and making sustainable lifestyle changes.


Consultation Timings

We understand the importance of convenient access to healthcare guidance. That's why we offer flexible teleconsultation timings to accommodate your schedule:

  • Tele Consultation: Monday to Saturday - 4:00 PM to 8:00 PM & Sunday - 12:00 PM to 8:00 PM

  • WhatsApp Consultation: Monday to Sunday - 12:00 PM to 8:00 PM

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome can present unique challenges, but with the right guidance and support, it is manageable. Whether you have questions about PCOS or other concerns related to the female reproductive system, our experienced gynaecologists are here to provide the information and support you need. Schedule a teleconsultation with us today, and let's work together to address your health and wellness needs. Your well-being is our priority.

Are you ready to discuss your PCOS concerns or any other reproductive health issues? Schedule a teleconsultation with Dr. Nikita today. Our healthcare professionals are here to provide the guidance and support you need for a healthier and happier you.